Discover Science

We’re here to help athletes perform their best through the sharing of accurate and unbiased evidence-based scientific information.

What is Protein?

In this article we explore the structure and function of proteins as well as dietary sources.

What is Leucine?

In this article, we explain what leucine is and discuss the leucine ‘trigger’ theory and its role in regulating protein synthesis.

What is Glycogen and Why is it Important?

In this article, we explore glycogenesis, the formation of glycogen. We also review it's structure, formation, functions and role in the production of energy.

What is Sodium?

Sodium is the most talked about electrolyte. It is often talked about in relation to hydration but what exactly is it and what exactly does it do?

What are the Main Causes of Gastrointestinal Problems?

GI problems are very common in endurance athletes. Understanding the different causes and symptoms is the first step in knowing how to prevent them.

Why is Glycogen Stored More Effectively Immediately After Exercise?

Glycogen is known to be stored quickly immediately post-exercise, while rates of synthesis are slower further away from exercise.

How Does Caffeine Work?

There are different theories, but number 1 (effect on brain) is the most important mechanism to understand.

What is the Best Protein?

Plant protein has been getting a great deal of attention lately, but which protein is the best for performance gains, and why?