DISCOVER SCIENCE

We’re here to help athletes perform their best through the sharing of accurate and unbiased scientific information.

DISCOVER SCIENCE

We’re here to help athletes perform their best through the sharing of accurate and unbiased scientific information.

Top articles

Top articles

Explore by topic. Become an expert.

Explore by topic. Become an expert.

01

B01 What is a carbohydrate?

Carbohydrates are found in foods and they serve as a fuel in the body. The name carbohydrate is derived from the fact that these are molecul...

B02 What is caffeine?

Caffeine (also known as 1,3,7-rimethylxanthine) is often described as ‘the most commonly used drug in the world.’ It is a stimulant found in...

B03 What are BCAAs?

BCAAs or Branched Chain Amino Acids, are a group of amino acids found in a variety of foods as part of proteins. They are also sold as suppl...

B04 What is fiber

BCAAs or Branched Chain Amino Acids, are a group of amino acids found in a variety of foods as part of proteins. They are also sold as suppl...

B05 Gastrointestinal problems in athletes

Gastro-intestinal complaints (or gastro-intestinal problems) are very common amongst endurance athletes and many are aware that ru...

P01 What is the best protein?

Protein plays a major role in the repair process after exercise. The process that repairs damaged muscle proteins, muscle protein synthesis, is key to...

P02 Should I eat or drink in the hour before a race?

There is a lot of mixed information when it comes to eating or drinking in the last hour before competition. Taking in some carbohydrate (see ‘Wh...

P03 What to eat on the morning of a race?

Glycogen is the main source of carbohydrate that is stored in the human body. It is found mainly in muscle and the liver and is the major energy sourc...

P04 How to avoid GI problems?

Unfortunately, gastrointestinal-problems are very common, especially amongst endurance athletes and they can easily ruin a race. Although we refer to ...

P06 How to take caffeine?

Unfortunately, gastrointestinal-problems are very common, especially amongst endurance athletes and they can easily ruin a race. Although we refer to ...

A01 How does caffeine work?

Caffeine is classed as a drug as well as a nutrient: it is sometimes referred to as the most-consumed drug worldwide (see ‘What is caffeine?’). It is ...

A02 Why is glycogen stored more effectively immedi...

Glycogen is the storage form of glucose in humans, found in muscle and liver tissue, which can be depleted by prolonged exercise. If there is no need ...

A03 Causes of gastrointestinal problems

Some athletes always get gastrointestinal issues when they train or compete, while other athletes eat and drink what they want and never have any prob...

B01 What is a carbohydrate?

Carbohydrates are found in foods and they serve as a fuel in the body. The name carbohydrate is derived from the fact that these are molecul...

B02 What is caffeine?

Caffeine (also known as 1,3,7-rimethylxanthine) is often described as ‘the most commonly used drug in the world.’ It is a stimulant found in...

B03 What are BCAAs?

BCAAs or Branched Chain Amino Acids, are a group of amino acids found in a variety of foods as part of proteins. They are also sold as suppl...

B04 What is fiber

BCAAs or Branched Chain Amino Acids, are a group of amino acids found in a variety of foods as part of proteins. They are also sold as suppl...

B05 Gastrointestinal problems in athletes

Gastro-intestinal complaints (or gastro-intestinal problems) are very common amongst endurance athletes and many are aware that ru...

P01 What is the best protein?

Protein plays a major role in the repair process after exercise. The process that repairs damaged muscle proteins, muscle protein synthesis, is key to...

P02 Should I eat or drink in the hour before a rac...

There is a lot of mixed information when it comes to eating or drinking in the last hour before competition. Taking in some carbohydrate (see ‘Wh...

P03 What to eat on the morning of a race?

Glycogen is the main source of carbohydrate that is stored in the human body. It is found mainly in muscle and the liver and is the major energy sourc...

P04 How to avoid GI problems?

Unfortunately, gastrointestinal-problems are very common, especially amongst endurance athletes and they can easily ruin a race. Although we refer to ...

P06 How to take caffeine?

Unfortunately, gastrointestinal-problems are very common, especially amongst endurance athletes and they can easily ruin a race. Although we refer to ...

A01 How does caffeine work?

Caffeine is classed as a drug as well as a nutrient: it is sometimes referred to as the most-consumed drug worldwide (see ‘What is caffeine?’). It is ...

A02 Why is glycogen stored more effectively immedi...

Glycogen is the storage form of glucose in humans, found in muscle and liver tissue, which can be depleted by prolonged exercise. If there is no need ...

A03 Causes of gastrointestinal problems

Some athletes always get gastrointestinal issues when they train or compete, while other athletes eat and drink what they want and never have any prob...

FEATURE ARTICLES

FEATURE ARTICLES

P02 Should I eat or drink in the hour before a race?

There is a lot of mixed information when it comes to eating or drinking in the last hour before comp...

Basic

B07 What is glycogen and why is it important?

Glycogen is the main source of carbohydrate that is stored in the human body. It is found mainly in ...

A02 Why is glycogen stored more effectively immediately after exercise

Glycogen is the storage form of glucose in humans, found in muscle and liver tissue, which can be de...

Basic

B05 Gastrointestinal problems in athletes

Gastro-intestinal complaints (or gastro-intestinal problems) are very common amongst endurance athle...

Advanced

A03 Causes of gastrointestinal problems

Some athletes always get gastrointestinal issues when they train or compete, while other athletes ea...

Practical

P03 What to eat on the morning of a race?

Glycogen is the main source of carbohydrate that is stored in the human body. It is found mainly in ...

P02 Should I eat or drink in the hour before a race?

There is a lot of mixed information when it comes to eating or drinking in the last hour before competition. Taking in some carbohydrate (see ‘What is a carbohy...

Basic

B07 What is glycogen and why is it important?

Glycogen is the main source of carbohydrate that is stored in the human body. It is found mainly in muscle and the liver and is the major energy source for mode...

A02 Why is glycogen stored more effectively immediately after exercise

Glycogen is the storage form of glucose in humans, found in muscle and liver tissue, which can be depleted by prolonged exercise. If there is no need to restore...

Basic

B05 Gastrointestinal problems in athletes

Gastro-intestinal complaints (or gastro-intestinal problems) are very common amongst endurance athletes and many are aware that running can cause GI problems. A...

Advanced

A03 Causes of gastrointestinal problems

Some athletes always get gastrointestinal issues when they train or compete, while other athletes eat and drink what they want and never have any problems. The ...

Practical

P03 What to eat on the morning of a race?

Glycogen is the main source of carbohydrate that is stored in the human body. It is found mainly in muscle and the liver and is the major energy source for mode...

ALL ARTICLES

ALL ARTICLES